Publié le 15 mai 2017
During our stay in Germany, we visited a farm near Emden, at Uphusen. It’s an area with a lot of dairy cows and meadows.
The producer has worked on his farm since 1997 and nowadays, two trainees work with him. He has a production of milk with 100 Holstein dairy cows. He uses genomic selection. It is a medium-sized farm with 173 hectares and the farmer also produces crops : barley (23ha), maize (20ha) , wheat (65ha), rapeseed (25 ha) ; and grass (40ha).
It’s a clay and wet soil and the cows go out in the meadows in April. In winter they are fed with a mixed diet for 30 litres of milk per cow and per day : grass silage, maïze silage, soya and rapeseed cattle cake, and wheat. The self feeding automat is used for extra concentrates, that is to say for the cows that produce more than 30 litres a day.
He owns modern machines and a large milking parlour with 18 places (2x9). He doesn’t use a robot because he doesn’t want to watch over it all day long, it’s not convenient ! The milking takes place at 5:30 a.m. and at 4:30 p.m.. They milk 72 cows per hour. The dry period lasts 6 weeks before the calving.
The calves stay 15 days in individual pens with their mother’s whole milk, the males are sold when they are 15 days old. Then after 15 days, the milk is given with a machine. The weaning for the young heifers happens when they are 3 months old and they calve when they are two years old . The cows calve once a year to produce milk and the calvings happen all year long.
Written by Léa Lecointe, Marie Louvel, Clothilde Mouillard, Lisa Ouzouf,
Romane Thibault, Maguelone Aubey, Victor Corbin, Camille Couture, Théo Huvé, students (STAV)
and Emilie Labarrière Animal Production Science teacher.